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It’s very easy to be number one:
find the guy who is number one,
and score one point higher than he does

                                     -- - Paul Kalanithi

What is GATE Exam?

GATE Exam (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) is a computer-based standardized test conducted at the national level in India with an aim to examine the understanding of various engineering and science undergraduate subjects. Qualifying in the GATE exam is a mandatory requirement for the engineering graduates who are seeking admissions and/or financial assistance to the Postgraduate Programs like Master's and Doctoral with the Ministry of Education (MoE) and other Government Scholarships / Assistantships that are subject to the admission criteria’s of the institutes.

GATE examination is an all India exam that’s administered and conducted in eight zones across the country jointly by the following institutes on behalf of National Coordination Board-GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education (MoE), Government of India.

@. IISc (Indian Institute of Science)
@ Seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) at IIT Roorkee, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras, Bombay

In the last couple of years, GATE exam has been opened to the international students from the following countries as well,

1. Bangladesh
2. Nepal
3. Sri Lanka
4. Ethiopia
5. United Arab Emirates

GATE Departments

Aerospace Engineering [AE] VIEW INFO.
Agricultural Engineering [AG] VIEW INFO.
Architecture and Planning [AR] VIEW INFO.
Biomedical Engineering [BM] VIEW INFO.
BioTechnology [BT] VIEW INFO.
Chemical Engineering [CH] VIEW INFO.
Chemistry [CY] VIEW INFO.
Civil Engineering [CE] VIEW INFO.
CS & IT Engineering [CS] VIEW INFO.
Ecology and Evolution [EY] VIEW INFO.
Electrical Engineering [EE] VIEW INFO.
Electronics & Comm. Engg. [EC] VIEW INFO.
Geology and Geophysics [GG] VIEW INFO,
Instrumentation Engineering [IN] VIEW INFO.
Mathematics [MA] VIEW INFO.
Mechanical Engineering [ME] VIEW INFO.
Metallurgical Engineering [MT] VIEW INFO.
Mining Engineering [MN] VIEW INFO.
Petroleum Engineering [PE] VIEW INFO.
Physics [PH] VIEW INFO.
Production & Industrial Engg. [PI] VIEW INFO.
Statistics [ST] VIEW INFO.
Textile Engg. & Fibre Sci. [TF] VIEW INFO.
Engineering Science [XE] VIEW INFO.
Life Science [XL] VIEW INFO.

GATE exam results are also used by some of the Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) for their recruitment and by several other universities in India and abroad for admissions. Some of the PSU Companies and research organizations that use the GATE exam results for providing jobs include ONGC, NTPC, GAIL, HPCL, PGCIL, BHEL, BSNL, HPCL, NHPC, BARC, DRDO, and more.

GATE exam will be conducted online (Computer Based Test (CBT)) for all the eligible candidates at different designated centers. GATE Aspirants are not allowed to write ONE or TWO subject papers. TWO subject Paper combinations have to be chosen from the given list of combinations of papers by the GATE conducting body. Final allotment of the TWO papers will still be subjected to the availability of infrastructure and GATE exam dates.

From the GATE 2021, Two New Subject papers are introduced by the GATE conducting body,

@ ES (Environmental Science and Engineering)
@ XH (Humanities and Social Sciences) in Economics / English / Linguistics / Philosophy / Psychology / Sociology

GATE exam will be conducted for 27 Subject (GATE papers) and consists of 65 questions that will be entirely objective type (Multiple Choice Questions, Multiple Select Questions and Numerical Answer type questions over a 3-hour duration.

(i) Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ): Multiple Choice Questions carry 1 or 2 marks each, in all the GATE papers and sections. These questions will be objective, and each question will have the choice of four answers, out of which ONLY ONE choice is correct.

(ii) Multiple Select Questions (MSQ): Multiple Select Questions carry 1 or 2 marks each in all the GATE papers and sections. These questions will be objective, and each question will have the choice of four answers, out of which ONE or MORE than ONE choice(s) are correct.

Note: There is NO negative marking for a wrong answer in Multiple Select Questions (MSQ) type of questions. However, there is NO partial credit of marks given for choosing the partially correct combinations of choices or any single wrong choice.

(iii) Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions: Numerical Answer Type questions carry 1 or 2 marks each in most of the GATE papers and sections. For these type of questions, the answer is a real number that needs to be entered by the candidate with the help of virtual numeric keypad displayed on the monitor. No choices will be shown for Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions. The answer can be a number such as 10 or -10 (an integer only). The answer for these type of questions may also be in decimals, for example, 10.1 (one decimal) or 10.01 (two decimals) or -10.001 (three decimals). These type of questions will always be mentioned with, up to which decimal places, the candidates have to consider the answer. Also, for some NAT type of problems an appropriate range will be considered while evaluating so that the candidates are not unduly penalized for the usual round-off errors. Candidates are advised to do the rounding off at the end of the calculation (not in between steps). Wherever required and possible, it is better to give NAT answer up to a maximum of three decimal places.

Questions Type Marks Negative Marking
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) 1 mark 0.33
2 marks 0.66
Multiple Select Questions (MSQs) 1 mark NIL
2 marks NIL
Numerical Answer Type Questions 1 mark NIL
2 marks NIL

Benefits of GATE Exam (Why GATE?)

GATE score enables the students to gain admission to various prestigious PG programs in IITs and IISc such as -

@ ME (Master of Engineering)
@ M.Tech (Master of Technology)
@ Doctor of Philosophy

Students also get direct interview calls for prestigious PSU jobs in India whose starting salary is sometimes as high as 14.9L (example, Power Grid).