Design Paradigm Source Of Innovation and Invention Lecture Note


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The concept of design paradigms derives from the rather ambiguous idea of paradigm originating in the sociology of science, which carries at least two main meanings:

  • As models, archetypes, or quintessential examples of solutions to problems. A ‘paradigmatic design’ in this sense, refers to a design solution that is considered by a community as being successful and influential. Usually success is associated to market share or some other measure of popularity, but this need not be the case. For instance, the eMate and other Apple Newton devices can be considered as paradigmatic because of their influence in subsequent designs, despite their commercial failure.
  • As sociological paradigms, a design paradigm is the constellation of beliefs, rules, knowledge, etc. that is valid for a particular design community. Here a paradigm is not a particular solution, but rather the underlying system of ideas that causes a range of solutions to be ‘normal’ or ‘obvious’. A current example is the laptop: as of 2010 the design paradigm of laptops includes a portable computer unit consisting of a QWERTY keyboard, a hinged screen, etc. Moreover, such device is assumed to be helpful in task such as education as in the One Laptop per Child project.

While the first meaning of “design paradigm” refers to exemplary design solutions that create “design trends”, the second meaning refers to what a group of people expects from a type of design solutions.

The term “design paradigm” is used within the design professions, including architecture, industrial design and engineering design, to indicate an archetypal solution. Thus a Swiss Army Knife is a design paradigm illustrating the concept of a single object that changes configuration to address a number of problems.

Modules / Lectures

  • Introduction to Design Paradigm
  • Design & Natural Phenomenon
  • Where Does Form Come From?
  • Simple Shape Paradigm
  • Basic Paradigms
  • Bending & Flexing
  • Bigger & Smaller
  • Joining
  • Passages
  • Objects within Objects
  • Human Body
  • Design Paradigm in Traditional Forms
  • Design-Nature Relationship
  • Complex Paradigms in Product Design

Additional information

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Design Paradigm Source Of Innovation and Invention Lecture Note

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11.0 MB


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College, Competition, Entrance, Exams, PSU, Semester, University

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Written By

Dr. Amit Ray

Provided By

IIT Kanpur

Uploaded By

Roop Chandra




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