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Cell Biology Lecture Note

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Name of Notes : – Cell Biology Lecture Note

Introduction

Cell biology is the study of cell structure and function, and it revolves around the concept that the cell is the fundamental unit of life. Focusing on the cell permits a detailed understanding of the tissues and organisms that cells compose. Some organisms have only one cell, while others are organized into cooperative groups with huge numbers of cells. On the whole, cell biology focuses on the structure and function of a cell, from the most general properties shared by all cells, to the unique, highly intricate functions particular to specialized cells.

The starting point for this discipline might be considered the 1830s. Though scientists had been using microscopes for centuries, they were not always sure what they were looking at. Robert Hooke’s initial observation in 1665 of plant-cell walls in slices of cork was followed shortly by Antonie van Leeuwenhoek’s first descriptions of live cells with visibly moving parts. In the 1830s two scientists who were colleagues — Schleiden, looking at plant cells, and Schwann, looking first at animal cells — provided the first clearly stated definition of the cell. Their definition stated that that all living creatures, both simple and complex, are made out of one or more cells, and the cell is the structural and functional unit of life — a concept that became known as cell theory.

As microscopes and staining techniques improved over the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, scientists were able to see more and more internal detail within cells. The microscopes used by van Leeuwenhoek probably magnified specimens a few hundredfold. Today high-powered electron microscopes can magnify specimens more than a million times and can reveal the shapes of organelles at the scale of a micrometer and below. With confocal microscopy a series of images can be combined, allowing researchers to generate detailed three-dimensional representations of cells. These improved imaging techniques have helped us better understand the wonderful complexity of cells and the structures they form.

Modules / Lectures

  • Cell structure and function of the organelles
  • Chromosome structure and organization
  • Transport across cell membranes
  • Receptors and growth factors
  • Signal transduction
  • Cell culture
  • Introduction to hematology

Additional information

Product Name

Cell Biology Lecture Note

Product Size

14.0 MB

Format

File Format

File Category

DEPARTMENT/COURSE

Need For

College, Competition, Entrance, Exams, PSU, Semester, University

Product Type

Written By

Dr. Sanjukta Patra

Provided By

IIT Guwahati

Uploaded By

Roop Chandra

Languages

English

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