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Name of Notes : – Foundation Engineering Lecture Note
In engineering, a foundation is the element of a structure which connects it to the ground, and transfers loads from the structure to the ground. Foundations are generally considered either shallow or deep. Foundation engineering is the application of soil mechanics and rock mechanics in the design of foundation elements of structures.
Requirements of a good foundation
- The design and the construction of a well-performing foundation must possess some basic requirements that must not be ignored. They are:
- The design and the construction of the foundation is done such that it can sustain as well as transmit the dead and the imposed loads to the soil. This transfer has to be carried out without resulting in any form of settlement that can result in any form of stability issues for the structure.
- Differential settlements can be avoided by having a rigid base for the foundation. These issues are more pronounced in areas where the superimposed loads are not uniform in nature.
- Based on the soil and area it is recommended to have a deeper foundation so that it can guard any form of damage or distress. These are mainly caused due to the problem of shrinkage and swelling because of temperature changes.
- The location of the foundation chosen must be an area that is not affected or influenced by future works or factors
Modules / Lectures
- Module-1 Site Exploration and Geotechnical Investigation
- Module-2 Theory of Earth Pressure and Bearing Capacity
- Module-3 Method of Analyses
- Module-4 Design of shallow foundations
- Module-5 Design of Deep Foundations
- Module-6 Design of Retaining Structures
- Module-7 Design of Machine Foundations
- Module-8 Foundations in difficult ground
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