Name of Notes : – Introduction to Composites Lecture Note
A composite is a material made from two or more different materials that, when combined, are stronger than those individual materials by themselves.
Simply put, composites are a combination of components. In our industry, composites are materials made by combining two or more natural or artificial elements (with different physical or chemical properties) that are stronger as a team than as individual players. The component materials don’t completely blend or lose their individual identities; they combine and contribute their most useful traits to improve the outcome or final product. Composites are typically designed with a particular use in mind, such as added strength, efficiency or durability.
Composites, also known as Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) composites, are made from a polymer matrix that is reinforced with an engineered, man-made or natural fiber (like glass, carbon or aramid) or other reinforcing material. The matrix protects the fibers from environmental and external damage and transfers the load between the fibers. The fibers, in turn, provide strength and stiffness to reinforce the matrix—and help it resist cracks and fractures.
- Introduction to composites
- Fibers, matrices and fillers
- Manufacturing of composites
- Unidirectional and short-fiber composite behavior
- Orthotropic laminates
- Laminated composites
- Failure of composites
- Hydrothermal effects, and residual stresses