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# Linear Regression Analysis Lecture Note

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SKU: 25022021MATH0008 Categories: , ,

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Name of Notes : – Linear Regression Analysis Lecture Note

Introduction

Linear regression attempts to model the relationship between two variables by fitting a linear equation to observed data. One variable is considered to be an explanatory variable, and the other is considered to be a dependent variable. For example, a modeler might want to relate the weights of individuals to their heights using a linear regression model.

Before attempting to fit a linear model to observed data, a modeler should first determine whether or not there is a relationship between the variables of interest. This does not necessarily imply that one variable causes the other (for example, higher SAT scores do not cause higher college grades), but that there is some significant association between the two variables. A scatterplot can be a helpful tool in determining the strength of the relationship between two variables. If there appears to be no association between the proposed explanatory and dependent variables (i.e., the scatterplot does not indicate any increasing or decreasing trends), then fitting a linear regression model to the data probably will not provide a useful model. A valuable numerical measure of association between two variables is the correlation coefficient, which is a value between -1 and 1 indicating the strength of the association of the observed data for the two variables.

A linear regression line has an equation of the form Y = a + bX, where X is the explanatory variable and Y is the dependent variable. The slope of the line is b, and a is the intercept (the value of y when x = 0).

Modules / Lectures

• Main
• Introduction
• Simple linear regression analysis
• Multiple linear regression analysis
• Correcting model inadequacies through transformation and weighting
• Tests for leverage and influential points
• Generalized and weighted least squares estimation
• Indicator variables
• Multicollinearity
• Heteroskedasticity
• Autocorrelation
• Polynomial regression models
• Variable selection and model building
• Logistic and Poisson regression models
• Generalized linear model
• Exercises
• Bibliography