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Name of Notes : – Materials Science Lecture Note
Materials science is an interdisciplinary field involving the properties of matter and its applications to various areas of science and engineering. It includes elements of applied physics and chemistry, as well as chemical, mechanical, civil and electrical engineering.
The interdisciplinary field of materials science, also commonly termed materials science and engineering, is the design and discovery of new materials, particularly solids. The intellectual origins of materials science stem from the Enlightenment, when researchers began to use analytical thinking from chemistry, physics, and engineering to understand ancient, phenomenological observations in metallurgy and mineralogy. Materials science still incorporates elements of physics, chemistry, and engineering. As such, the field was long considered by academic institutions as a sub-field of these related fields. Beginning in the 1940s, materials science began to be more widely recognized as a specific and distinct field of science and engineering, and major technical universities around the world created dedicated schools for its study.
- Materials science is a syncretic discipline hybridizing metallurgy, ceramics, solid-state physics, and chemistry. It is the first example of a new academic discipline emerging by fusion rather than fission.
- Atomic Structure, Interatomic Bonding and structure of Crystalline solids
- Imperfections in Solids
- Mechanical Properties of Metals
- Dislocations and Strengthening Mechanisms
- Phase Diagrams
- Applications and Processing of Metals and Alloys
- Applications and Processing of Ceramics
- Applications and Processing of Polymers
- Corrosion and Degradation of Materials
- Electrical Properties
- Thermal Properties
- Magnetic Properties
- Optical Properties
- Economic, Environmental and Social Issues of Material Usage